Bad hair day? Are you confused by all the hair products available and don’t know which to use on your tresses? You’re not alone! Most people think of hair as being wavy, curly or straight – but there’s far more to decoding your hair. Once you know exactly what your hair type is, you can choose products specifically designed to make sure that your hair – and you – always look good!
Hair texture refers to the amount of curl in your hair. There are 4 classifications: straight (type 1), wavy (type 2), curly (type 3) and kinky (type 4).
Many people have a mixture of hair textures, for example both curly and some wavy hair. Ethnic hair is generally type 4 (kinky). Texture can be further classified as A, B and C. For example, type 3A hair is less curly than type 3C.
2. Coarse or fine
Is your hair silky and fine, or a little more wiry? Coarseness refers to the thickness of each individual hair (not how much hair you have).
Pluck a strand of hair and compare it to a cotton sewing thread. Coarse hair is thicker than the thread; fine hair is thinner. If it looks the same, then you have medium coarse hair.
3. Thick or thin
This refers to how much hair grows from your scalp – your hair density. This is easy to see just by glancing at the top of your scalp. If you have thin hair, you’ll be able to see quite a bit of your scalp. If you have thick hair, you won’t see much scalp at all.
Hair thickness and hair coarseness aren’t the same thing – it’s possible to have thin, coarse hair or thick, fine hair, and both come with their styling challenges.
4. Hair porosity
How much moisture can your hair absorb and hold? Porosity is an important factor in determining your hair’s overall health. The less porous your hair, the more it will retain moisture which makes it healthy. Porous hair can appear dry and brittle. Often, the curlier or kinkier your hair, the more porous it is. Low porosity can also be the result of heat styling, hair relaxer and hair colour.
To see how porous your hair is, take a couple of strands and drop them in a bowl of water. Healthy hair with low porosity will float. If your hair is very porous, it will sink.
Get the right products for your hair
Finding your hair type is important because it allows you to choose products that make your hair look healthy and keep it in good condition. For example, thin hair with low density does well with volumising products that don’t weigh the hair down. Thick, dry kinky or curly hair needs moisturising products to tame the frizz.
If you’re still confused about your hair type and really want the best for your hair, visit a salon and speak to a hair stylist – they’ll be able to recommend products to suit your needs!